Manual for Fluviz v2.0
This document describes the use and the possibilities of the data
Fluviz is useful
alter and analyse spatial data (e.g. digital elevation models, or land
coverage information). It is mainly written as a compagnion to
surface flow models. The main options are:
File reads data from ASCII-files and
exits the program.
Edit for editing existing data sets.
Map for surface interpolation (gridding)
Set displays and performs operations on
Export saves data sets in various file
The plotting in Fluviz is performed by routines that
from the interactive grafic library GraficV3.
These routines enable to plot lines, vectors, contours (mono and color)
and animated plots. Drivers are available for X11 and Postscript.
The Keep file option allows to overlay
stored grafical data and bitmap data (pbm-format). Grafic features such
as lines and filled polygons can be stored in Data Exchange Format
FILE reads ASCII-data from files. The data can be structured (grids) or
unstructured (points and vertices).
Usually the original data is unstructured, e.g. random
and vertices. LOAD reads from a file and overwrites existing data. If
data are stored on different files, ADD reads from these files without
removing the existing data.
The syntax of the ASCII-file is:
>>unstruct is used for unstructured data input.
xyz i1 i2 i3 is unstructured input given in x,y,z coordinates. The
r11 r12 r13 i1, i2 and i3 defines the number of the columns where
r21 r22 r23 the x, y and z values are stored, respectively.
. . . (Defaults: i1=1, i2=2, i3=3)
lines defines break lines given as polygons, where the x,y,z
r11 r12 r13 i1 values are stored in the first, second and third column.
r21 r22 r23 i2 A point that is a start point of the polygon is flagged
in the fourth column with an integer (e.g. i=1, else
cs 'name' r1 r2
r11 r12 is a record for the cross-section definition.
r12 r22 The name of the cross-section (character*8) is ignored.
. . r1[km] is a distance along the river (ignored) and r2[m]
is the elevation of the bed level. The offset (i.e.
distance from the left border) is stored in the first
column and the bed level is stored in the 2nd column.
locate r1 r2 r3 is used to locate sections. r1[m],r2[m] are the x,y
coordinates of the origin of the section, and r3[degree]
is the angle of the section measured clock wise from the
item 'name' can be used to identify the following data record.
move r1 r2 translates nodes and lines to east (r1) and north (r2).
rotate r rotates the coordinate system in clock-wise direction
with the angle r [degree] with the origin as centre.
xclip r1 r2 range of clipping area in x-direction (values outside
yclip r1 r2 range of clipping area in y-direction (values outside
>>grid is used for structured input.
nx i is the number of grids in x-direction.
ny i is the number of grids in y-direction.
xllcorner r r[m] is the x-coord of the lower-left corner.
yllcorner r r[m] is the y-coord of the lower-left corner.
dx r r[m] is the distance between grid lines in
dy r same as for dx but in y-direction.
item 'name' is followed by a list of nx*ny values.
>> denotes the end of the input. Any further input is
The EDIT option allows to process unstructured data sets. The
Filter: buffering of points close to vertices; weeding
(recursive Douglas-Peuker algorithm); cleaning of points with same
closing of polygons
Alter: defining operations (+,-,*,/,<,>) that
are applied to
the all given nodes or nodes within a polygon defined by vertices. The
READ option allows to read the operator and the polygon information
a file. The syntax for such a file is:
The keyword end is used to separate polygons on the same
x1 y1 fills the area of the polygon defined by the x/y co-ordinates
x2 y2 with the value 1.0.
x1 y1 adds the value 1.0 to the area defined by the closed polygon.
Example I: Fill an area with the constant value of 0.04 (e.g.
Example II: Add 10 meters to the nodes within the two polygons given
fill + 10.0
New allows to add points and vertices to existing data.
z-value can be defined that applies to all new points and vertices.
and vertices are added with the POINT and LINE options. In addition new
edges between existing points can be created with the EDGE
The Map option allows to transform data from unstructured into
data format. After reading the unstructured data (using the FILE
commands) an interpolation algorithm is applied to create a structured
rectangular grid. The interpolation is used as the points of the new
do not coincide with the given data points.
The following interpolation methods can be used:
The Map suboption allows to perform operations on a TIN surface.
Load terrain points and vertices in given format
Edit values and define boundary points (if necessary)
Export values in .node and .poly format (e.g. test.node, test.poly)
Run Triangle e.g. with:
triangle -cp test
(see the manual of Triangle for more details)
- Load the newly created test.1.node file as a
point file into Fluviz
Choose the Map/Tin option and define the grid size etc. Input the name
of the created element file (e.g. test.1.ele).
After the triangulation a name for the data item must be defined (e.g.
Store the result on an external file (otherwise it is lost when you
Alter: For operations on z-values of the TIN nodes ( see operations for
unstructured data in the EDIT option).
Map: Allows to map a .node file or unstructured data sets on a TIN.
Inquire: To query z-values for given points and vertices. The input is
either points and sections from the cursor or co-ordinates from a file
(with x- and y-values in the 1st and 2nd row, respectively). The
option allows to query the geometry of cross-sections along a channel
that is read from a file.
SET enables to display GIS-like plots of grid data and to perform
some basic operations and function to structured data sets.
The results are stored either in the same data set or in a different
MOVE for a shift of the x-y coordinates
ABSOLUTE values of a set
SLOPE and ASPECT operations for a terrain model
MAXIMUM value of two sets
MINIMUM value of two sets
DIFFERENCE between two sets
The results from PRE can be exported in different file formats:
JUST stores results on a file that can be read by Hydro2de.
XYZ stores results on file with the x- and y-coordinates in the 1st and
2nd column, and the parameter value in the 3rd column.
GIS prints value to a file with the point number in the 1st column, the
x- and y-coordinates in the 2nd and 3rd column, and the parameter value
in the 4th column.
ADASSPOINT stores point values of results in ADASS format.
ADASSPOLY stores polygon values of grid cells in ADASS format.
NODE/POLY is used to store unstructered data in .node and
format to be used in TRIANGLE.
UNSTRUCTstores points and vertices for input into Fluviz..
OMIT asks for a real number. Data points with smaller values are
when printed to the files specified above.
(c) 2005 fluvial.ch