Manual for Fluviz v2.0

This document describes the use and the possibilities of the data processor Fluviz.
Fluviz is useful to generate, alter and analyse spatial data (e.g. digital elevation models, or land coverage information). It is mainly written as a compagnion to two-dimensional surface flow models. The main options are:
  • File reads data from ASCII-files and exits the program.
  • Edit for editing existing data sets.
  • Map for surface interpolation (gridding) and mapping of nodes.
  • Set displays and performs operations on structured data sets (grids).
  • Export saves data sets in various file formats.

Menu Bar

The plotting in Fluviz is performed by routines that are derived from the interactive grafic library GraficV3. These routines enable to plot lines, vectors, contours (mono and color) and animated plots. Drivers are available for X11 and Postscript. The Keep file option allows to overlay previously stored grafical data and bitmap data (pbm-format). Grafic features such as lines and filled polygons can be stored in Data Exchange Format (DXF).

Loading unstructured data


file buttons FILE reads ASCII-data from files. The data can be structured (grids) or unstructured (points and vertices). 

Usually the original data is unstructured, e.g. random distributed points and vertices. LOAD reads from a file and overwrites existing data. If the data are stored on different files, ADD reads from these files without removing the existing data.

The syntax of the ASCII-file is:

>>unstruct              is used for unstructured data input.

  xyz  i1 i2 i3         is unstructured input given in x,y,z coordinates. The
  r11 r12 r13           i1, i2 and i3 defines the number of the columns where
  r21 r22 r23           the x, y and z values are stored, respectively.
   .   .   .            (Defaults: i1=1, i2=2, i3=3)

  lines                 defines break lines given as polygons, where the x,y,z
  r11 r12 r13  i1       values are stored in the first, second and third column.
  r21 r22 r23  i2       A point that is a start point of the polygon is flagged
                        in the fourth column with an integer (e.g. i=1, else

  cs 'name'  r1 r2 
  r11 r12               is a record for the cross-section definition.
  r12 r22               The name of the cross-section (character*8) is ignored.
   .   .                r1[km] is a distance along the river (ignored) and r2[m]
                        is the elevation of the bed level. The offset (i.e.
                        distance from the left border) is stored in the first
                        column and the bed level is stored in the 2nd column.

  locate r1 r2 r3       is used to locate sections. r1[m],r2[m] are the x,y 
                        coordinates of the origin of the section, and r3[degree]
                        is the angle of the section measured clock wise from the

  item 'name'           can be used to identify the following data record.

  move r1 r2           translates nodes and lines to east (r1) and north (r2).

  rotate  r             rotates the coordinate system in clock-wise direction
                        with the angle r [degree] with the origin as centre.

  xclip r1 r2           range of clipping area in x-direction (values outside
                        are ignored).
  yclip r1 r2           range of clipping area in y-direction (values outside
                        are ignored).

>>grid                  is used for structured input.

  nx   i                is the number of grids in x-direction.
  ny   i                is the number of grids in y-direction.

  xllcorner    r        r[m] is the x-coord of the lower-left corner.
  yllcorner    r        r[m] is the y-coord of the lower-left corner.

  dx           r        r[m] is the distance between grid lines in
  dy           r        same as for dx but in y-direction.

  item 'name'           is followed by a list of nx*ny values.
  row1 ...
  row2 ...

>>                      denotes the end of the input. Any further input is


edit buttons

The EDIT option allows to process unstructured data sets. The main options are:

  • Filter: buffering of points close to vertices; weeding of vertices (recursive Douglas-Peuker algorithm); cleaning of points with same co-ordinates; closing of polygons
  • Alter: defining operations (+,-,*,/,<,>) that are applied to the all given nodes or nodes within a polygon defined by vertices. The READ option allows to read the operator and the polygon information from a file. The syntax for such a file is:
  fill =1.0  
  x1 y1          fills the area of the polygon defined by the x/y co-ordinates
  x2 y2          with the value 1.0.
  .  .
  .  .
  fill +1.0 
  x1 y1          adds the value 1.0 to the area defined by the closed polygon.
  x2 y2
  .  .
  .  .
The keyword end is used to separate polygons on the same file. 

Example I: Fill an area with the constant value of 0.04 (e.g. Manning value):

fill    =0.04   
  691550  272415
  691717  272433
  691864  272509
  691873  272667
  691857  272663
  691830  272558
Example II: Add 10 meters to the nodes within the two polygons given below.
fill   + 10.0
  691393  272300  
  691423  272342 
  691455  272379 
  691503  272393 
  691551  272405 
  691550  272415
  691717  272433
  691864  272509
  691873  272667
  • New allows to add points and vertices to existing data. First a z-value can be defined that applies to all new points and vertices. Points and vertices are added with the POINT and LINE options. In addition new edges between existing points can be created with the EDGE option. 
  • Map

    edit buttons The Map option allows to transform data from unstructured into structured data format. After reading the unstructured data (using the FILE commands) an interpolation algorithm is applied to create a structured rectangular grid. The interpolation is used as the points of the new grid do not coincide with the given data points.

    The following interpolation methods can be used:

    • NEAREST looks for the nearest point in the neighbourhood and takes its value for the new point.
    • INVERSE DISTANCE: The value of the grid point is estimated by the weighted average of the given points within a circle with a specified radius. The weight of each point is proportional to the inverse of the squared distance to the centre point of the circle (i.e. the grid point). If no point is found within the search radius the maximum value of all the given points is taken. Note that a large search radius gives smoother grids.

    • A special method of searching is quadrant search, where not more than two points are taken for interpolation in each quadrant (see Figure below). This search method is recommended in most cases as it balances the weighting from different directions.

      search methods

    • TIN uses a triangulation method for gridding. The triangulation mesh is defined in an element file that has to be created by an appropriate tool (e.g. by the shareware program Triangle that does the Delaunay triangulation). The input files (i.e. the .node and .poly files) can be generated with the EXPORT options.
    • These are the steps for a triangulation with Fluviz:

      1. Load terrain points and vertices in given format
      2. Edit values and define boundary points (if necessary)
      3. Export values in .node and .poly format (e.g. test.node, test.poly) and exit
      4. Run Triangle e.g. with:
      5.  triangle -cp test
        (see the manual of Triangle for more details)
      6. Load the newly created test.1.node file as a point file into Fluviz
      7. Choose the Map/Tin option and define the grid size etc. Input the name of the created element file (e.g. test.1.ele).
      8. After the triangulation a name for the data item must be defined (e.g. bedlevel)
      9. Store the result on an external file (otherwise it is lost when you exit).
    edit buttons The Map suboption allows to perform operations on a TIN surface.
    • Alter: For operations on z-values of the TIN nodes ( see operations for unstructured data in the EDIT option).
    • Map: Allows to map a .node file or unstructured data sets on a TIN.
    • Inquire: To query z-values for given points and vertices. The input is either points and sections from the cursor or co-ordinates from a file (with x- and y-values in the 1st and 2nd row, respectively). The Channel option allows to query the geometry of cross-sections along a channel axis that is read from a file.


     SET enables to display GIS-like plots of grid data and to perform some basic operations and function to structured data sets.
    • MOVE for a shift of the x-y coordinates
    • ABSOLUTE values of a set
    • SLOPE and ASPECT operations for a terrain model
    • MAXIMUM value of two sets
    • MINIMUM value of two sets
    • DIFFERENCE between two sets
    The results are stored either in the same data set or in a different set as specified.


    export buttons The results from PRE can be exported in different file formats:
    • JUST stores results on a file that can be read by Hydro2de.
    • XYZ stores results on file with the x- and y-coordinates in the 1st and 2nd column, and the parameter value in the 3rd column.
    • GIS prints value to a file with the point number in the 1st column, the x- and y-coordinates in the 2nd and 3rd column, and the parameter value in the 4th column.
    • ADASSPOINT stores point values of results in ADASS format.
    • ADASSPOLY stores polygon values of grid cells in ADASS format.
    • NODE/POLY  is used to store unstructered data in  .node and .poly format to be used in TRIANGLE.
    • UNSTRUCTstores points and vertices for input into Fluviz..
    • OMIT asks for a real number. Data points with smaller values are omitted when printed to the files specified above.

    (c) 2005